masters

BEDNARZ Ignacy and Bednarz Band

1908–1980

violinist, organist

The family band called Kapela Bednarzy from Nowa Wieś, Tomaszów Lubelski district performed between 1920-1980 with a continuation to modern times. The bands founding member and leader was Ignacy Bednarz.

Ignacy Bednarz was born in Nowa Wieś near Tomaszów Lubelski. He continued on the musical traditions of not only his village (Rzeszowski colonists) but his whole family. His grandfather Marcin Bednarz played at weddings and other parties, he also made a special type of violin of his own construction called oktabki, carved out of one piece of wood. His mother came from the musical family Iwanicki. When Ignacy was 9 years old he learnt how to play on his own only by watching the older musicians play. When there was a wedding wagon passing through town, I would run at least 5 kilometers beside it. He stood out because of his excellent hearing and began to play in several bands: Kapela Wyjazdacza, Bieleckiego and Paska as a drummer. In the meantime, he practiced a lot on the violin and soon began to play the second violin in A.Kamiński’s Kapela. He also performed as a carol singer.

In 1919 he bought himself a brand new manufactured violin by Wincent Sroka from the money he had saved up while carol singing and playing at weddings.When he was 12 years old – as he himself states he outdid the local violinists.

I had 6 brothers and a sister. My brothers were very skilled, cobblers, tailors, mechanics, musicians… Franciszek made violins and drums, Marcin and Józef made fittings, Józef played on the drums, Franciszek played the second violin, me on the first, almost a band. In 1922 Ignacy’s brothers made the first drum and that is how the band came to be, at first called Ignacy Bednarz’s Kapela and then Kapela Bednarzy. Ignacy would play from wedding to wedding with his band, at times coming home after over two weeks. Due to such frequent performances he became very technically adept at playing his favorite musical instrument. He married at the age of 42, because before he “lacked time” for a wife.

Nobody knew the notes, only after some time playing did I buy „Szkołę na skrzypce” in 1925. For the first ten years he also played with the Werechańska Brass Band, later starting his own orchestra in his village. In 1935, he began playing as an organist (self-taught) in the Podhorka parish and worked there untill the end of his life. In the after war period, he lead a theatre group and a mixed choir in Nowa Wieś. In his free time and on Sundays he would teach youth how to play on musical instruments. After the war, musicians had to play what was trendy. I taught a lot of people. On the violin, the harmonia(accordion), cornet, flute, winds. Maybe even fifty.

In the 60s the band was not so active, only to rise back in the 70s, but to a more lyrical scene, performing at regional festivals and remained to be very popular in the regional area, winning awards and performing at ceremonies.

The instrumental composition of the Kapela Bednarzy in different periods:

1920 – 1928 violin I i II, drum

1928 – 1938 violin, clarinet I II, cornet, baritone, tenor I i II

1938 – 1950 violin I i II, flute, drum

1950 – 1960 violin, flute, cornet, alto, bass

1960 – 1975 violin, drum

1975 – 1979 violin I i II, flute, double bass, drum

After the war Ignacy’s nephew Antoni Bednarz (born in 1927) joined the band. He played on the drums and on a wooden western concert flute. He was the backbone of the band in its later years when it performed on the folklore scene at various festivals and musical reviews. He lives in Tomaszów Lubelski.

At the end of the bands existence, the following people were also members: Żelisław Bednarz, Stanisław Kamiński, Mieczysław Bielecki, Krystyna Bednarz,  Bolesław Bednarz, Maria Sobańska, Władysław Szymczuk, Henryk Czop.

Although the Kapela Bednarzy officially broke up after the death of its leader – Ignacy in 1980, they occasionally performed under the same name however with different member arrangements and with various repertoires in the last 34 years.

 

Awards:

1978 – Złota Baszta dla Ignacego Bednarza jako skrzypka-solisty na OFKiŚL w Kazimierzu Dolnym

1975 – I miejsce dla Kapeli Bednarzy na OFKiŚL w Kazimierzu Dolnym

 

Dyscography:

2012 – Lubelskie. Polska pieśń i muzyka Ludowa. Źródła i materiały. cz. VI. Muzyka instrumentalna, red. Agata Kusto, CD dołączone do tomu (Suwak, Suwak, Podróżniak „Jechałem z Poturzyna”, Melodia przyśpiewkowa)

2009 – Jadąc przez Roztocze, Muzyka Odnaleziona 2009 (Suwak „Graj na cały smyczek”, nagranie z lat 80-tych, już bez Ignacego)

1997 – Muzyka Źródeł. Lubelskie, Polskie Radio RCKL 1997 (Suwak, Podróżniak zwany zawiślakiem)

 

Bibliography:

2012 – Lubelskie. Polska pieśń i muzyka ludowa. Źródła i materiały. cz. VI. Muzyka instrumentalna, red. Agata Kusto i Zenon Koter: obszerne notki biograficzne, charakterystyka i historia kapeli, liczne zapisy nutowe repertuaru Ignacego Bednarza, zapisy nutowe Kapeli Bednarzy

1979 – Zdzisław Toczyński: Bierze skrzypce i gra, Informator XIII FKIŚL w Kazimierzu

1978 – Bogusław Zapalski, Kapela Ludowa Bednarzy z Nowej Wsi przy Gminnym Ośrodku Kultury w Podhorcach woj. zamojskie - historia, instrumentarium, repertuar, praca magisterska, Kielce

Ignacy Bednarz i Kapela Bednarzy, wpis w leksykonie Muzyka Roztocza

 

Archives:

Polskie Radio RCKL, Zbiory Fonograficzne IS PAN, Muzeum Wsi Lubelskiej, Archiwum rodziny Bednarzy

 

Online materials:

Ignacy Bednarz opowiada w pr. 2 Polskiego Radia

 

 

Kapela Bednarzy - Suwak; nagranie Kazimierz Dolny„Muzyka źródeł” nr 3 – „Lubelskie”, ©℗ Polskie Radio SA / Instytut Muzyki i Tańca, Warszawa 2012

 

Translated by: Zuzanna Wiśniewska

 

 

Ignacy Bednarz - 1970. From archive of Festiwal Kapel i Śpiewaków Ludowych